The names of Marshall University


Marshall University in West Virginia, USA, received its name from John Marshall, who served as the fourth United States Attorney general.

The United States General Justice is governed by the Federal Judicial Power of the United States. The main justice serves as one of the justices of the Supreme Court. Each of the other eight judges of the Supreme Court serves as the Justice for Justice Association of the United States Supreme Court. Interestingly, the common mistake refers to the United States General Justice as the chief justice of the Supreme Court. Although it is not wrong to hear rumors being heard rarely to make this general mistake.

Till 2005 In September, John Rocky Martel occupied the position of John Roberts, who currently holds the current Chief Justice of the United States, from February 4, 1803 to 1835. the longest duration, even to this day), was very impressive to the pinnacle of the life of that influential and meaningful life, which dates back to 1755-1835. John Marshall's prestige reputed to be a university by his own name.

John Marshall has a career that can best be described as an American public figure. While he has served for seventy-nine years in office during the last three decades, Marshall, a member of the US House of Representatives, has served as President John A. Adams as Secretary of State. With James Marshall's impressive reproduction, he is best remembered for his role in shaping the American constitutional law. It is noteworthy that, in many cases, Marshall, the chief justice, affirmed that in most cases the federal law was dominated by state law.

Apart from the Marshall University of West Virginia, there are four law schools called the famous patriot. There are four law schools. (1) Cleveland College, Cleveland, Ohio (2) John Marshall Law School of Chicago, Illinois, (3) Marshal-Wright Law School of William College and Maryam, Williamsburg, Virginia and George Marshall Law School, Atlanta, Georgia:

The origins of Huntington, the name of Huntington, University of West Virginia, which is called Marshall University, begin in 1837, when local lawyer John Leydley named the new school of Marshall Academy, then a good friend John Marshall. Over time, the Marshall Academy has become a Marshall College and, ultimately, the University of Marshall.


Best Cities to Work in the USA


If you are looking for a job in the USA, it is important to study the market first. It is imperative that you choose not only the right field to work in, but also the right place and city. Given below is the list of best USA cities to work in the coming few years. These cities offer higher job opportunities and expect to achieve high economic growth.

Logan, Utah
The geographic location of Utah, connecting it to greater metropolitan chains, creates great job opportunities in government tie-ups, business partnerships and educational fields. Utah also witnesses immense new business and job opportunities, thus creating new categories of jobs.

Casper, Wyoming
If you are in the nursing field, Casper is the best city for you to be. Rated as one of the best cities to work in USA since last 8 years, it offers great opportunity for Vocational, Licensed and Registered nurses. Travel nursing is one of the best ways to jump start your career in Casper.

Bismarck, North Dakota
The Western State of North Dakota offers lucrative jobs in the oil industry. Rated as one of the best city for job seekers, Bismarck records one of the lowest unemployment rates in USA

Fargo, North Dakota
The Fargo-Moorhead Metro Area has profitable careers forecasts at least till 2016. Providing immunity growth in specialized areas of life sciences, information technology, engineering and physical sciences, Fargo is the best paying city for professionals.

Iowa City, Iowa
Home to various medical and educational institutes such as US Veterans Medical Center, Pearson Education, Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, University of Iowa, American College Testing and others, Iowa offers immense career and growth opportunities to people in the medical field. The developing economy of Iowa leads to more and more job opportunities and growth prospects.


Expungement of Criminal Records in New Jersey


In New Jersey, under certain circumstances, many people who have a criminal record may be able to have that record "expunged." Expungement is a procedure created by statute, to allow certain one-time offenders to effectively erase their criminal records. Expungement of a record means that an interrogation, detention, arrest, acquittal or conviction may be "deemed not to have occurred, and the [person] may answer any questions relating to their occurrence accordingly" (NJS 2C: 52-27).

The law makes clear that its primary objective is "providing relief to the one-time offender who has led a life of rectitude and disassociated itself from unlawful activity ,,," (NJS 2C: 52-32). Repeat offenders need not apply. An exception may be made for up to two disorderly persons or petty disorderly persons charges arising missing to the record to be expunged. These cases will usually require an appearance before a judge.

Records that may be expunged include complaints, warrants, arrests, commitments, processing records, fingerprints, photographs, index cards, "rap sheets" and judicial docket records. The court's Order of Expungement applies to every court, detention or correctional facility, law enforcement or criminal justice agency within NJ's criminal justice system. (NJS 2C: 52-1). Expungements do not apply to arrests or convictions for motor vehicle offenses, including DWI, since they arise under the Motor Vehicle Code, not the Criminal Code. (NJS 2C: 52-58)

There are many reasons to expunge a criminal record. The most common are employment-related. More and more employers are ordering criminal background checks on new, and existing, employees. Immigration and travel concerns prompt other people to seek expungement. They are concerned that their criminal records, however old or insignificant, may be a problem at some point during immigration or during international travel. Some people seek an expungement just for closure of an embarrassing event.

Although an attorney is not required to petition for an expungement, the process requires strict adherence to hearing dates, service of process requirements and mailing list completeness, and it may be helpful to have counsel. Neverheless, the law and procedure of expungement are spelled out in the statute.

The availability of expungement in a particular case turns large on the nature and date if the oath. In New Jersey, offenses are classified as indictable offsets (which can carry a sentence of a year or more in prison), disorderly persons offenses (DPOs), petty disorderly persons offenses (PDPOs) and municipal ordinance violations.

DPOs, PDPOs and municipal ordinances may all be expunged (subject to certain limited statutory exceptions), but many indictable offsets can not be expunged. NJS 2C: 52-2 lists the crimes that can not be expunged – homicide, kidnapping, most sex offenses, robbery, kidnap, anarchy, manslaughter, sodomy, criminal restraint, endangering the welfare of a child and perjury, and conspiracies to commit these crimes are among these. A conviction for any crime (or conspiracy or attempt to commit such crime) by a public office holder or public employee simply can not be expunged if the crime "involved or touched such office, position or employment." (NJS 2C: 52-2b). A juvenile record of delinquency may be expunged, if the equivalent adult crime could be expunged.

A record of possession of a small quantity of drugs (CDS) may be expunged, but the sale or distribution of drugs is not. Neither is possession with the intent to sell. Exceptions are made for small quantities of hashish (5 grams) and Marijuana (25 grams) that were sold or held with the intent to sell. (NJS 2C: 52-2c).

Once it is determined that the offense or event is one that may be expunged, it is essential to consider whether sufficient time has elapsed, since there is a substantial waiting period for expungements. The time period begins to run, not from the date of conviction alone, but from the date of conviction, payment of fine (in full), satisfactory completion of probation or parole, or release from custody, which is later.

The period for indictable exposures is ten years; for disorderly persons offenses, petty disorderly persons offenses, and certain adjudications of juvenile delinquency, the period is five years. For municipal court violations, the period is two years. There is no waiting period for an arrest not resulting in conviction (NJS 2C: 52-6), although a six-month period is imposed where a program or supervision treatment had been required for the dismissal (NJS 2C: 52-6 (b )).

If the event is one that may be expunged, and the requisite time has lapsed, make sure that the petitioner is not the subject of any pending charges (NJS 2C: 52-13), and that the petition will not be barred by one of the "grounds for denial of relief" listed in NJS 2C: 52-14. If the petitioner still might qualify, the petition should be filed.

The process begins with the filing of a petition for expungement. The petition should be accompanied by a check in the amount of thirty dollars payable to the State Treasurer. The petition must be verified and must include the petitioner's date of birth, date of arrest (if any). It must also include the statutes for which petitioner was arrested and / or denied, the original indictment, summons or complaint number, the date of conviction or final disposition, and the disposition and punishment, if any. (NJS 2C: 52-7).

The petitioner must attach to the petition a sworn statement that there are no criminal charges, DPOs or PDPOs pending against the petitioner at the time of application. Where petitioner seeks to expunge the record of a conviction, s / he must provide a statement that s / he has never had a previous expungement. Where a criminal case has been downgraded because of petitioner's acceptance into supervision treatment or a diversion program, the petitioner must provide a statement setting forth specific information relating to the original charge. (NJS 2C: 52-9).

Once a petition has been properly filed, the court will grant an Order fixing a date for a hearing on the matter. The hearing will be scheduled not less than 35 days nor more than 60 days following filing. (NJS 2C: 52-9). Within five days of the date of the signing of the order setting a hearing date, a copy of each petition, together with a copy of all supporting documents shall serve, pursuant to the Rules of Court upon the following people or agencies:

a. the Superintendent of State Police,

b. the Attorney General of New Jersey,

c. the county prosecutor of the county wherein the court is located,

d. the Chief of Police … of the municipality wherein the oath was committed,

e. the chief law enforcement officer of any other law enforcement agency which participated in the arrest,

f. the superintendent or warden of any institution in which petitioner was defined; and

g. if the disposition was made by a municipal court, upon the magistrate of that court.

(NJS 2C: 52-10)

These parties are given an opportunity to voice an objection to the expungement. If, prior to the hearing, no one objects to the expungement, and there is no contradiction reason listed in NJS 2C: 52-14, the court may grant the order without the necessity of a hearing. (NJS 2C: 52-11). Once the Order has been granted, the clerk of the court notifies the appropriate law enforcement and criminal justice agencies to expunge all relevant records.

The expungement procedure is uncomplicated, but exacting. It is a beneficent law. For an appropriate petitioner, expungement may reopen doors of opportunity that had been shut, bringing peace of mind over some old loose ends, restore confidence in a discouraged job applicant and otherwise serve the stated purpose of assisting the one-time offender.


Space Race – Five Fantasy Historical Films That Bring Space Race


Space racing Started in 1957 On October 4, the launch of Sputnik began in 1975. on July 17, at the distance of Apollo and Soyuz spacecraft. Among these times, people walk, ride, and golf themselves on the moon. It's hard to believe that more than 30 years later many children do not know this amazing time. Here are five award-winning films that can make them alive.

Apollo 13 tells commander James A. Lauder, commander of the Modular Pilot John L. Jack, Swift and Moon Module Fred V. About Heis, which From April 11, he left the country at Apollo 13. The start of the explosion caused by an electrical fault in the oxygen tank, Apollo's spacecraft collapsed. Despite the great difficulty caused by strong government barriers, the crew successfully returned to the Earth. The mission was the so-called "Successful Failure". This wonderful award-winning movie, of course, brings the moment to life.

Rights: tells the story of NASA's Mercury program and selected 7 apostles, Malcolm Scott Carpenter, Gordo Cooper, Water, John Genn, Gus Grimm, Wail Sherra, Alan Shepard, and Dec, Slatton. With a brilliant performance, this movie will serve you while educating.

Wonderful child friend, October Sky tells Homer Hickam, the son of the son of a coal mine in West Virginia, who is inspired by the launch of the first Sputnik rocket, eventually becoming a NASA engineer. When he attended Big Creek High School in 1960, he led a group of guys who were building rockets. They call themselves "Big Creek Missile Agency". They continued to win the National Science Fair and college full scholarships. Perhaps the best historical element in this film is the dream of Space Race with the urban reality of West Virginia's coal. This film introduces children to the concept of city towns, where everyone lives at the company's home, sends their children to the company's school and goes to the company's store. It also gently portrayed the movements of the 50s, as well as the day when every American American made a powerful space flight.

From Earth to Moon The "Golden Globe" award-winning twelve episode miniatures referring to the whole space race, from Mercury and Twinning projects to legendary Apollo missions. It can not be a stellar scale, but it tells the whole story and is fun at the same time.

In the shadow of the Moon is a wonderful award-winning documentary that brought together NASA Apollo mission survivors and allowed them to share their story with their words. With mixed archival video, we meet people who have experienced experiences and actually walk on the moon.


Inside Tiny Houses – Are You Ready?


Mr. Jay Shafer is the responsible genius that came up with the idea of Tiny Houses! His company, known as Tumbleweed, is part of the small house movement. In 2002, He co-founded the Small House Society in Iowa City, Iowa. In 2003 he was commissioned by Gregory Paul Johnson to build The Mobile Hermitage, which became one of Tumbleweed’s first commercially sold homes.

When did Tiny Houses begin blooming?

Turns out to be that during the Katrina Hurricane disaster in 2005, Marianne Cusato developed 308 sq. ft. cottage constructions for the homeless victims and the small house movements bloomed.

You Want One? What to do next?

Identify the square footage you will need. Visit local pre-fab buildings to get the feel of what’s your minimum requirement or rent out a Tiny House for a week-end to make an assessment and experience your hands-on living inside a Tiny House. Then start brainstorming and planning the set-up and your storage needs. Slowly, but surely you will start forming your image of the inside of your Tiny House.

A pre-fab building of 320 sq. ft. is quite enough to make it comfortable and the transition from big to small very easy. Some even include all appliances and HVAC systems. All you need to do is pay for the building (approximately $35K), plus taxes and transportation. Another alternative is to contact a builder of your choice.

You also need to research the State laws and requirements for these Tiny Houses. A good resource of information is through The American Tiny House Association.

There are several different resources and websites that sell plans, workshops, existing real estate for sale or even rentals. So these small homes are here to stay for a long time and a definite solution for not paying mortgage for 30 or 40 years.

Getting Creative Inside Tiny Houses

Picture yourself inside a Tiny House and exactly what you expect in order to feel and be comfortable. Let’s entertain our thoughts right now… think of having enough kitchen cabinets, maybe a slide-out pantry, a small range with oven, enough counter space for preparing foods, a small sink, closets for your bedroom, and where would you squeeze in your washer/dryer combo, oh… and don’t forget of your bathroom commodities. Do you want a loft or same floor bedroom? If you have a loft, how will you want your stairway? Will you have storage underneath or within your stairway? As for your living room area, get into creative gear for saving space with a small sofa with drawers or underneath storage, maybe a drop-leaf table for dining or working with a laptop and continue to work on all your ideas by jotting them down. Then with all your ideas prepare a layout drawing and include measurements.

There are many ideas out there for small scale furniture that save floor area. Sofas with storage drawers, corner desks, floating desks, drop leaf folding tables, storage trunks, Murphy beds, bed that slide out or up and down from the ceiling any many many more. The truth is that, whether it be inside a Tiny House or not, these are also great space saving ideas for small apartments, small rooms, sun rooms, dorms, guest houses, dens and even studios. Many innovating and creative ideas come to life everyday from different sources and all because of the need for them. Very well said by Plato “necessity is the mother of invention”.

Last, but not least – A Reality Check

I recently read an article “Dear People Who Live in Tiny Houses – Medium” by Lauren Modery where she wrote this article on Tiny Houses, and brought up some crude realities of living inside a Tiny House that weren’t so great, but the truth is that depending on how much square footage you buy your Tiny House, these could be custom made to be very comfortable and efficient. You will enjoy many good experiences like, being able to take off whenever you please for traveling, enjoy mortgage freedom, pay very low utilities and get billed for less property taxes. Without a doubt, one big blessing!

But, in the end, it all comes down to planning ahead wisely by staying within your budget and making sure your expectations are met.


Vaults Emerging as Answer to New Jersey’s Tank Dilemma


Thousands of New Jersey businesses need to store petroleum products at their facilities, whether for heating, to fuel vehicles, for emergency generators, or a dozen other pressing needs. Today there are estimated to be in excess of 80,000 regulated commercial tanks in New Jersey alone. Most are underground, some above ground and, recently, some combining the best of both methods, the concrete vaulted tanks. In this article I will take a look at each approach for its strengths, weaknesses and cost factors.


Historically, petroleum storage was literally driven underground by a variety of concerns centered around fire safety. Because of these concerns, and the regulations they spawned, the overwhelming majority of storage tanks in use today are underground tanks.

In the past five years the federal EPA and State Departments of Environmental Protection and Energy (DEPE) have formulated new construction criteria for both the installation of new tanks and the required upgrade of existing tanks.

With scheduled deadlines for these tank upgrades quickly approaching, tank owners are faced with some difficult economic decisions. The cost for tank and piping upgrades starts at $10,000, and, in most cases, retrofitting an existing steel underground storage tank is a short-sighted and expensive undertaking. Due to variable water tables and the predominance of clay and silt soils, both vapor monitoring and continuous groundwater monitoring are impractical, if not impossible, and in all cases will only alert a tank owner of a leak after the damage has occurred.

With these concerns complicating the upgrade, the most effective solution, if we stay with conventional underground storage, is often complete replacement of a given storage tank system This then expands the price range of a standard 2,000 gallon tank job to a minimum of $20,000. (triple this number for a 12,000 gallon tank).*

In addition to these basic construction costs, there are significant costs associated with simply maintaining and operating underground tanks. These expenses must also be considered when we evaluate the total project cost. For purposes of comparison, let’s look at these costs over a 10-year period of 12,000 gallon UST ownership in the State of New Jersey.

Right up front, we have the NJ DEPE’s registration requirement which commands a SI00 annual fee. While fees may certainly change from year to year, it is a safe bet they will not decrease. Over a 10-year period, this adds minimally SI000 to the cost of the project.

Then there is the cost of insurance. The NJ DEPE technical requirements N.J.S.A. 58:10A, effective 9/90, lay the groundwork for UST owners to carry their own insurance against leaks and discharges. Chapter 14 of this regulation, which has not yet been released, spells out the specifics of such insurance. When the insurance industry completes its research on the risks associated with UST insurance and prepares a product to cover UST owners, it appears likely that such coverage may be mandatory – another significant operating cost.

Currently, contractors’ pollution liability insurance is available, and many installation firms carry it. When a firm which performs 20 sizable installations in one year pays S50,000 for the pollution liability portion of its insurance program, it follows that each installation will be expected to carry a prorated share of the burden. Or $2500.**

Annual testing of the tank’s anticorrosive protection system is another cost which must be added to the equation. A $400 yearly maintenance/service contract which includes an inspection of the protective system and periodic water pumpouts is a necessary investment and adds S4000 to the long-term operating costs of our new UST.

Finally, as with any long-term ownership of a capital item – especially one with delicate electronic monitor sensors and controllers – we must look at the devalued worth of the item after wear and tear, obsoletion, and depreciation. This loss must be figured into our equation as well.

Adding all these factors together, the total cost of our hypothetical 10-year UST ownership, including the initial system construction, amounts to approximately $90,000.

Certainly, there must be less expensive options.


Above-ground storage tanks have been around for some time and are commonly used for fuel storage. Their applications vary from the small 275 gallon free-standing residential basement tanks to massive compounded field-erected storage silos.

ASTs are currently receiving much attention and interest. They are completely exempt from NJ DEPE requirements, including requirements for registration and insurance. This freedom from restriction coupled with relative ease of AST installation, reduces the ten-year cost of ownership to one half that of a comparable UST.

There are however, drawbacks to the ASTs as well.

First, to safeguard the tank area in the event of an overfill or a rupture of some sort, the AST should be diked or placed inside a second tank system. Second, an open dike can fill with rain water and possibly rust from the inside out. Third, exposure to the elements will accelerate corrosion of the tank as well as the dike.

A brush-blasted white epoxy-painted. Diked AST with either a shed roof or rainshields is the state of the art in ASTs, but the fact remains that the unsightliness of the tank, plus its size, can be a major drawback.

For the storage of gasoline there is a potential vapor hazard with ASTS. Because of this, they are prohibited by NFPA 30 in some situations. The effects of cold temperatures on the viscosity of fuels must also be addressed. Often, this requires the installation of steam coils or electric heaters.

But the largest drawback for the application of ASTs over USTs is the zoning hurdle.

USTs are exempt from BOCA codes while any above-ground construction over 100-foot square must obtain site plan approval in most communities. If the ownership is corporate, such approval must be presented by legal counsel. This process involves public hearings with mandatory notice to neighbors within 200 feet of the property line. Unsightliness of the AST may become a minor sticking point as more significant concerns such as environmental impact and overall nature of the owner’s operation come under the scrutiny of often hostile neighbors.

The process of gaining AST approval can become quite costly, bringing the upper end of costs plus maintenance of our 12.000-gallon project to $55,000. This, of course, is all contingent upon actually winning a zoning board’s resolution allowing the project to proceed.


It is my premise that the vaulted storage tank system, our third tank alternative, offers a combination of the best features of USTs and ASTs. In VSTs, the primary tank is completely surrounded by an impermeable concrete enclosure. Designed in such a way that the primary tank is completely inspectable, VSTs are exempt from DEPE registration and regulation, yet they can be installed below grade and are therefore exempt from municipal planning board and zoning approval. And finally, when all the long-term operating costs are factored in, VSTs can be installed at a significantly lower cost than conventional USTs.

Historically, VSTs have been around for a long time in the form of burial vaults, septic tanks, and meter pits. More recent applications include optical tele¬communication link pits, where accessibility, security and thermal isolation are all important considerations.

Design advantages inherent to VSTs are as follows:

  • Structural strength – a concrete exoskeleton protects the primary tank from corrosion, deflection, thermal stress, ballistics and ground movement.
  • Thermal isolation – the reinforced concrete vault is typically 6″-8″ thick, thus providing protection from temperature extremes. Vaults come with a minimum two-hour fire rating.
  • Accessibility – the primary tank is completely accessible, thus simplifying piping modifications, tank cleaning, and annual inspections or audits.

Installation advantages of VSTs are as follows:

  • Whether below grade, at grade or above grade, configuration is identical, requiring no engineering modification.
  • Anchor systems are unnecessary for VSTs where conditions would require anchoring of conventional USTs. VSTs are massive enough to overcome buoyancy problems.
  • The vault can sit directly on the earth or gravel surfaces, thus minimizing surface preparation requirements.
  • VST installations are exempt from OS HA shoring requirements. VSTs can be crane-lifted directly into machine-prepared excavation, so there is no need for personnel to work at the bottom of an excavation.
  • There is no need for a concrete overlay as the vault roof can also serve as a surface pad. Where vehicle traffic must pass over the top of the vault, extra thick, reinforced vault lids are available.
  • There are also significant maintenance advantages for VSTs inherent to the design and the accessibility of the primary tank. Electro-mechanical repairs are simpler as all conduits and pipes are exposed. Another advantage is that the precast concrete lid has much greater uniformity and strength than a conventionally poured surface pad. Forces that crack and heave surface pads are inconsequential to VST systems.

Finally for our 12,000-gallon tank example there is the economic consideration. With an installed price of 570,000, the VST does require a larger initial investment than a conventional UST; however, the operating costs over 10 years are limited only to painting and inspecting the primary tank with a budgeted price of $2500.


From our hypothetical 10-year comparisons, it is clear that the cost of owning a VST, at $72,500, is considerably less than that for a conventional UST, at S90.000. And in comparison to the troublesome AST, the VST offers a clear-cut, value-added alternative.

* For comparison purposes, throughout this article tank attachments will remain constant and include the following: full¬blown inventory control monitor and leak detection system with printer, overfill prevention and spill containment, double walled product line piping and piping sumps outfitted with leak sensors.

** This figure has been verified by Hal Melcher, UVW Associates, Somerset, NJ, with some restrictions.


Best Places for ATV and Off-Roading


Off-roading is a great way to get out and feel a sense of adventure, which often disappears from the rudimentary life where you define the day of the day. These moments in our lives are far from our everyday noise. Most of the time, watching the movie or reading a good book is a norm when it comes to relaxing at the end of the day, but if you're more interested in something like this, there is no leap in all the moving cars and feeling all the places. Why not take it away and leave on an inspirational outing vacation?

Some of the best ATVs and displacements in the US are located in the southwestern deserts. Arizona offers a beautiful scenery ranging from smooth deserted landscapes to cliffs and cliffs. The scenic sunset and cool evening, as well as extremely dry weather, creates the perfect experience for outdoor amusement. Here is a sunflower field, located in the Payson State National Park, which has 4 unique peaks that are higher than the Arizona landscape. The southern and lower trails of the Raw Deal, from the north, to the Phoenix area, offer fantastic ATVs and road experiments as well as letters at different levels with obstacles so everyone can have a great time.

Oregon is one of the places that makes it a fantastic place on the north-western north-western highway. The peaks scattered around the Oregon Coast make rugged riding that you enjoy, and the coastline makes it one of the most pleasant scenes that serves as a backpack behind a sailing.

West Virginia quickly took advantage of its lush green scenery and served a wide range of recreational places for those who love to go abroad. Initially it just meant fishermen, camps, and those who were happy with the desert, but now there are many ways, especially for grooming and ATV. Because these trails have been made for snowstorm travelers, you can be sure that they are exactly the same, a sensation. Burning Rock ATV Trails is one of the places in the South West Virginia region and you can even try your hand at a zip throw here.

Tennness is another place that has paid great attention to those who enjoy off-road riding. In fact, in particular, there is one place that has been highly appreciated by road traffic inspirers as one of the best points in the United States. This is a hot spot in Col Kripper Ov, and it is a rock star located in the United States.

There are many other large outdoor zones, particularly for those who want to take a bicycle or ATV and take part in some road adventures. Most of the top places listed here are nearby, making it easy to stay and lengthen your outdoor road experience and get the most out of your trip.


Revaluation or Malassessment In New Jersey


What is it? – A revaluation is an activity performed by the local tax assessor for the municipality to appraise all real property within its limits according to the prevailing market value. The difference between a revaluation and a reassessment is that the assessor hires a revaluation company to perform the work if it is called a revaluation versus doing the work in house with the staff of the assessor's office in the case of a reassessment.

What is its purpose? – The sole constitutional purpose of a revaluation is to spread the property tax burdens equitably all property owners within within a municipality.

What if its not done? – Generally, delays in updating assessments to reflect changing physical and economic conditions lead to Malassessment. Properties once similar in value became dissimilar. Owners of properties with rising value became accustomed to paying a lesser share of the tax burden than would otherwise be the case and after reassessment "suffer" sharply higher property tax payments. Other property owners "benefit" from reduced taxes because the value of their property has declined or only slightly increased – these taxpayers have been paying a higher tax than they should have been.

What causes Malassessment? – Each property in the same municipality with the same market value at a given point in time should be paying the same amount in property taxes. Malassessments or inequitable assessments result from the following situations causing a lack of assessment uniformity:

o changes in neighborhood characteristics;

o changes made to individual properties;

o fluctuation in the economy (inflation, recession);

o changes in style and custom (desirability of architecture, size of house);

o changes in zoning which can either enhance or affect value adversely.

What is wrong here? – Assessors are asked to find "the price" at which a willing buyer and willing seller would agree to transfer a piece of property on October first. Well, common sense tells you there is a whole range of prices at which a willing buyer and a willing seller could transact a sale. So estimates are only predictions, and even the best predictions go astray. The need for a reassessment or revaluation, therefore, grows with the passage of time that erodes the old information based upon which the original appraisals were made. Statewide in New Jersey, these assessment predictions or estimations determine the tax base on which 2 / 5ths of all our state and local taxes are collected. Its on this set of predictions that local governments in New Jersey collected $ 19.6 billion in 2005.

Is there a better way? – Yes, first we must realize we have an indefensible tax structure that places too much weight on a property tax base that at best is only a set of predictions. Second , we must make provision for accurate regular evaluations by strengthening and beefing up the assessment function with a sound investment in computers, assessment data base management and assessment education resources for assessors.


One of America's worst industrial disasters – the Hawks Nest tunnel tragedy


Hawks Nest tunnel tragedy

One of America's worst industrial disasters

Gau Bridge, West Virginia

The Gau Bridge is the postcard of a small painting of the state of West Virginia, where the New River is merged with Guyey. An old rusted railway bridge extends to the other side of the narrow place on the water. Three wooden crosses are on the cliff on the river bank, the center's cross is full of golden yellow and white on both sides. The houses have turned off the steep hills and the banks of the river. Shops are in a location. The speed limit is 25 miles per hour. The old station is beautifully renovated as a municipality. Farmers & # 39; In the center of the city, the market sells vegetables from the land of Baghua River, which is about a month in the mountains where I live. Cauliflower and straw cylinders are available in autumn.

But the hidden benefit of this picture is a postcard with a nearly forgotten dark story of one of America's worst industrial disasters – the Hawks Nest tunnel's tragedy.

This disaster took place during the Great Depression of the 1930's, when times were heavy. People were starving and their work was scarce. This country was in a bad state, and the famous business men, who had fallen into the stock market, reported in 1929. Collapsed windows coming from the stock market crash.

However, not all important, powerful, rich people did not feel that they were fateful at first. No, a group of businessmen have chosen a office in the state of New York, which is one of the most important engineering feats of the time. In fact, back in 1928, On July 31, between the national water and power stations and the New Canachan power plant called Hawks Nest Dam.

The projects were combined with the forces of the Gau River, directing the water to the electricity through the tunnel. This generated electricity can provide the power needed to start what subsequently became known as the "world's chemical valley."

The Hawks Nest tunnel in the state of Fayetteville, West Virginia, was part of the project, which is a power plant powered by an Electric Metallurgical Company that joins the Union Carbide Corporation subsidiary. The excavations were due to Dennis and Rinhard, Charlottesville, Washington, DC, who received most of the accusations for failure to take adequate precautions when it turned out that workers were exploding with silicon rock.

It is reported that the largest percentage of tunnel workers were from african South African Americans, with desperate work. Migrant workers hoped for a train of empty carriage trains and freight trains and landed in the Gulf of Hawaii to work before signing a contract. The agreement allowed the project to be completed within two years. Hundreds of these workers died as a result of breathing silicon dust, the lungs resulting from dry drilling, which was used to accelerate the project. Death began to work for several months.

The magnificent engineering work took place at the expense of hundreds of human lives and the picturesque river of the province became known as the "Dead City".


Fishing on the Mississippi River and Fly Fishing the Yellow River in NE Iowa


Fly Fishing

Rainbow Trout, Brown Trout and Small mouth Bass can rip the line off your reel and get your heart thumping. You'll settle into the quiet serenity of the Yellow River as you float or wade casting your fly into a pool or eddy below the white water rapids. Surrounded by overhanging Willows and towering Cottonwoods on a long stretch of quiet water your mind is at peace. Suddenly on your right, a bank of cool air floats toward you and a dark shady vertical limestone bluff towers above and descends into the river.The vertical rock wall is like a fairy tail scene come true with ferns, mosses, lichens and wildflowers covering the wet dripping rock. You stop and cast a dry fly along the edge of the deep clear water cut and watch as a huge Brown Trout inhales the tiny fly.

Mississippi River Fishing

Nearby the Mississippi awaits you and lures you into the heart of some of the best backwater fishing in America nestled between the steep bluffs of Marquette, Iowa and Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin. After launching your fishing boat, slowly and quietly you maneuver into a backwater lake just to the left of the fog laden side channel.The entrance of the lake is narrow and almost unnoticeable. A gentle soft current flows through this separated opening. A large cottonwood log stands sentry at the entry point of this large backwater lake covered with blooming water lilies and lotus. The morning is still and as the mist rises and filters the sunlight into a beautiful glow, a Great Blue Heron stands on one leg perched and ready to get its breakfast. The air is fresh as it fills your lungs. Coming to a dead stop, thankfulness fills your soul as you experience this creation of nature. Few people will ever have this experience and tears come to your eyes as you stare in awe at the glorious scene looming in the still morning and your heart is filled with joy. Your first cast with your floating frog lands him on top of a water lily. Just as you twitch it off the lily pad and as it hits the water, there is a sudden explosion of a 4-pound Largemouth Bass that has been fooled by your "look alike frog".

Around noon your family meets you back at the launching ramp. After a picnic lunch, every one is ready to meet the afternoon. After a short ride in the boat you and your family find yourself anchored and sitting idly under the shade of an Old Willow tree in the maze of backwater sloughs. A cast into the deep shade offered by the willow sends the bobber and bait to a good-looking niche. The bobber makes a little bounce and disappears as a big Bluegill struggles to tangle the line in a maze of logs and roots but to no avail as your son smiles and laughs. He adds this little scrapper to the live well and makes another cast to the same honey hole.

Later in the day in the maze of backwater sloughs, everyone looses track of time and where they are but who cares because your family is having fun. What a life this is!

As the sun sets and the sky turns a pink red, your memories of today's fishing experience will be fond and never forgotten. When the darkness of the cricket filled night engulfs you and the fog and mist fill the Mississippi valley, your dreams about tomorrow will fill your sleep as vivid images paint pictures of your destiny tomorrow, a Hugh Northern Pike just hooked over a clear water weed- bed.

Yes, what a life and what a trip!