Penetrating Surveying, Farmington House, and others to explore the restored slavery of slavery

Last year, it was celebrated two centuries ago in the eradication of slave trade in America. The 1807 law, which has been executed, is called "the prohibition of the introduction of slaves, within the jurisdiction of the United States of America, of any port or place".

1863 The Declaration of Imprisonment released by Abraham Lincoln (before the civil war was 145 years ago, stated that it was applied only to:

Los Angeles, Texas, Louisiana (except St. Bernard, Plauquines, Jefferson, St. John, St. Louis, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina and Virginia (excluding West Virginia, Berkeley, Accomac, Northampton, Elizabeth City, York, Princess Anne and Norfolk, including Norfolk and Portsmouth), and are exclusively part of the audience, just as the declaration was not given.

Lincoln excluded the territories controlled by the Union in order to avoid provoking border states in the Confederation. The civil war that fought between the southern slavery states and the Northern Confederation was then under Abraham Lincoln's presidency, in essence, for the slaves' right of ownership. South states were known for their large-scale exploitation in their plantations. It was like Kentucky.

In June 2006, a part of the contemporary American Literature Summer Institute was being held on the restored remains of one of the plantations and a tour of his slaves and other appendages. This plant, along with his servant home, is Farmington, reflecting how it was in the early 19th century.

.When we walked through the green grass mud to a wooden pavement, several buildings attracted my attention to a 14-room federal-style home that was once said by one of the US President, Thomas Jefferson.

This farmhouse began in 1815 and ended in 1816. Its construction involved a large number of slaves, some of whom could have skilled businessmen, such as blacksmiths, carpenters, sawyers, and masons.

Know that Abraham Lincoln, formerly former President Wilson, has deepened my interest.

The life of the slave was here, as it had been in other big Kentucky plantations, as we were told by our guide. John Speel, who eventually owned property, moved from there to Virginia in 1782, along with his parents, brothers, sisters and family slaves. At the end of the 1790s, he had already started the salty business in Mann's southern state of Lick, South Dakota, the majority of whom were enslaved by the Africans who were hired by other slaves.

In 1800, John Jobs married Abby Lemasser and lived in the City of John Kory, Johnston's Jefferson District, as a flourishing businessman who was fifteen slaves who worked in the water and saw alcohol as well as Salt Lick. Soon two young daughters Mariam and Eliza got married to John Anthony in 1808 and married Lucy Gilmer Fri, the twenty-year-old Mary of the district. Lucy's father, Joshua Fri, studied at the Denville Center College in central Kentucky. His maternal grandfather, Dr. Thomas Walker, was an early researcher at Kentucky and one of the young guardians of Thomas Jefferson.

In 1809, Speed ​​had accumulated a considerable amount of salt work to enable him to buy the land on Beargrass Creek, including the current site of Formingmon, which he completed in about 1809. 1810 At first, John Speel acquired a large plot of land in Beargrass Creek with eleven rooms in a federal style home using a masterpiece for Philadelphia and a skilled desktop. The house, with its octagonal side rooms, looks like a couple of Times Jefferson family projects. Farmington's name is shared in Charlotoville, Virginia, home to Litchy's aunt.

In the same year, they had already moved and lived in the $ 550 million property.

In 1810, the speed was listed in ten census reports as ten slaves, two of whom were Phillies Turton and his brother Morrocco, who were given by John and Lucy's speed at Fry's family, which originally belonged to them. Later, with the development and development of Farmington, Speed's slavery continued in 1811. From 12 to 1812, reaching 18, and later in 1813 to 43.

Speed ​​also led Louisville's Bardstown road, as well as handmade work by Samuel Bris. By the end of this road, the troops had the opportunity to move there, in 1812. During the war, nurtured and dressed. During the Civil War, Joshua and James Spear played an important role in keeping the Kentucky Union. Joshua often visited Washington and played an important role in drawing parallels with members of the United States. Because of this influence, the governor of Kentucky Confederation Beria Magopin and the legislature, which also sympathized with the South dimension, never managed to break the scale scale.

From 1816 until the end of Farmington's slavery house until 1840, Death to speed up to 64 bonded Africans worked there. The fruit has grown mainly by the hemp used to make rope and neck for cotton. They saw their copies when we toured the building. The farm also produced corn, grass, apples, pork, vegetables, wheat, cigarettes and dairy products. The slaves who worked in the fields were accused of planting, harvesting, and shipping. The people who were working on the ropeway were helping and their wagons were drifting.

Capabilities, despite strong intentions, saw slavery as a lifestyle as it was for everyone in their community. Tree planting was considered important as the plantations were beneficial. They are helping them to earn luxury goods and to teach children and other family needs to earn income as a result of a workmanship in Fermington.

The responsibilities of planning were divided between men and women of slaves. The men were mainly engaged in the work of cannabis harvest, which led to cutting, moving, and opening the hemp bolts on the heel button. Each was obliged to break 80-100 pounds a day with those who exceeded their extra work. Women worked outside the home, cows and cows to carry them to the pasture and to carry heavy loads and wood to a considerable distance from the house. Preparing and preparing at home at home. They burned the fire, put on the clothes, stuffed butter and carried out many other homework. Thus, the dependence on "speed ladies" was that they were slaves that they could rely on a servant of the descent to bring water, not to get up and move to the room to get it.

According to James Thomas and Thomas Spiel, John Speel's nephew and 1892 John Stein, a family-friendly blogger and writer, has provided a decent environment for the Blackman-made servants of Farmington, each of whom and his wife has a comfortable room. fire, bedding and bedding, chairs, tables and kitchen utensils. The slaves are also encouraged to cultivate land for their own use to improve their clothing. Some of them, including Morocco and Rosen, were entrusted with special secret tasks, such as letters and messages, before and after Louisville market sales and transfer of children.

In fact, however, life at Farmington was pink. There are many cases of slavery resistance against them. In 1823, William S. Smith from the Oxmoor plantations. Bolit puts an advertisement in the local newspaper that invaded Ben St Johnston, who was hired by John Sprint. In 1826, Speed ​​advertised two skilled men, Charles Harrison and Freizer. Below is a list of LOUISVILLE social heroes 1826 The August 19 regular advertisement, which is just one example of such ads placed in Louisville, for the slaves who have escaped.

John Speel died in 1840. After his death, Phillip Speed ​​posted similar ads in 1851. Dynny Thompson, the granddaughter of Philistine Tourster, often tells how Diana Thompson and her mother, Diana Thompson, were captured in one place because they intended to cross the Ohio River into freedom.

Speed's 15-year-old slave Bartlett, suspected of firing Farmington's cannabis plant, was sold by James Spread to W.H. Pope & Co at $ 575.00, which will be exempted from the state. After the death of John Spid, 57 of his servants were split into women and children. Providing an equal share of each child's property, some of the slave families have been separated. Peey, Speed's husband's husband, Peachy, bought a home in 1846 and several towers.

James Speel, known as a strong releaseist, reports that in 1863, And in many public events often expresses feelings of slavery. So in the early 1850's it was no wonder that he stopped serving as a slave owner. Then followed the pressure of refugees so that in 1865 the property was completely out of the family.

Before and during the war, some quick family members rescued their slaves. According to court documents, the same day, 1845, On the same day Lucy G. Sponge, John's Widow and Their Girlfriend Lucy F. Brewer was freed by three slaves – Ros, Salle and his son, Harth. Other members of the family, such as the sons J. Smith, Joshua, Phillip and his daughters, Mariam and Eliza, freed their slaves in 1863-1865.

This rich and interesting story has been restored and disseminated by Farmington House's visitor floods, guides, films, books, graphs and relics exhibits stories of history and restoration and preservation.

Pharmmannon says he opened his doors as a museum in 1957. But after that, it took place several repairs and revisions. The presentation is based on a large-scale review and re-completion in 2002, which shows the family of Speed ​​in the 1840s.

The house is now restored with its original paint colors, historical posters and rugs, walls and floors, and furnished with Kentucky furniture and other antique items. It is completely painted indoors and outdoors, thereby rebuilding it with its original bright-blue, yellow and pink colors. The interior wooden fabric, the fireplace in each room, and the copper work are original, as many of the unusually large windows that are still in incredible excellent shape. In Kentucky, no home is more delicate in designer federal architecture. Elegant Jeffersonian features in its well-proportional 14 rooms include two octagonal rooms placed in its center, adventurous steep and narrow hidden staircases, and episodes between the front and back halls. Fine gated doors, carved mantles and pearly plates give a special intensity to its interior. The highlight of the 19th century was the park, which was built in the early 19th century, with a stone welding and a dump, as well as cook dishes, cuisine, forging shop, museum shop, and a renovated carriage house.

As we walked around the whole house, we came to the basement, where Abraham Lincoln said that he had stayed here while we were alive, and we paid attention when we showed a large number of items that lived witnesses at his place of residence. We knew that at this historic moment we were also cooperating. Lincoln left for Illinois in 1841. On August 18, Jessica quickly and family visited Fukunton. They have developed close friendships for four years, they have known each other and shared their homes. Then, through Leswins, through Joshua, the young lawyer began to expand his social and political circles. But during her visit, a frustrated Lincoln broke her relationship with the bright and attractive young Mario Todd. He even decided to run for re-election. So when Joshua invited him, Abee greeted it as a means of resting in despair.

Lincoln's three weeks at Farmington proved that he really restored it. Because he warmly welcomed and talked with Speeds. Here he walked long with his friend Joshua, captured the right of Joshua's brother James, who subsequently became a General Prosecutor in Lincoln's last cabinet. Recently, Mrs. King gave Lynchley a Bible, advising her to read it regularly.

Judge John Speel had progressive views on women's education and, consequently, encouraged his daughters to study diligently, unlike a predominant habit, which put a higher value on men's education, Lincoln found that educated Speed ​​woman a pleasant company. She quickly found an educated and cultured family, music, literature, and a good conversation. They liked music so much that they were sponsoring the bohemian composer Anton Philip Henrik for several years. Living in Forming, he created a number of his famous works that appeared in his collection, Kentucky Music Day. He is then called Beethoven's American, Heinrich is considered to be the United States's first professional composer. She, of course, touched upon John Speel's eldest daughter Marie, a pianist and a composer.

Farmington was important to Lincoln, perhaps the first slave nursery he had visited. So when Joshua's sister, Mary, wrote to Mary when leaving Leicester, in 1841, In September he expressed what was said as the first well-known written observation of slavery. Lincoln was shaking when seeing slaves and slaves depending on the resettlement. His impressions of the horrors of slavery have never been forgotten by him, and slavery over the years has been a subject that was strongly opposed.

Farmington is only one such structure that has been maintained by slavery, many of which have turned into museums and would like to visit it. I will limit the people in Africa who can visit me. Let me first find out my progress in this scheme by visiting Gori Island in 2007. A year after my visit to PharmMarm

This stingy Gore Island, shaped like the African continent, was the last African view that had seen men and women taking on slavery in America and the Caribbean. Through the island we went to the island to find the slaves' homes and the "slave trade" used for slave trade, which passed through the "No Return to the Door" and museums to learn more about the island's past. After that, we were enjoying a meal at the island island and returned to Dakkaran.

St Gorg's Fortress Elmina, one of the few former slaves in Ghana's Atlantic Ocean, is a pilgrimage destination for African Americans and visitors and from around the world with its slaves and punishment cells. as well as a slave auction house, which is now a small museum with traumatic scenes.

Cape Coast Castle and Museum are another one. The Cape Coast Castle also played a great role in its slave coffins, the Palais Hall, the English governor's grave, and more. The castle occupies the British colonial administration for almost 200 years. The museum now resides in the area, including the artifacts used during trade in the slave trade. Information video brings a good introduction to slavery, showing how it has been implemented.

The Ghana gold belt is actually covered by the old shepherds used by the European forces to trade in slavery, some of which have turned into a hotel and others, such as the Ferman Amsterdam, in Aanzanne, which has many unique features reflecting what has been the slave trade time.

Salaga in northern Ghana was the main market area of ​​the market, whose foundations. slave housings used for slave washing and good wine washing. and a huge cemetery where the dead slaves rested, all were preserved as a visit and a relic.

Goree Island (Ile de Goree) is a premier place in Senegal that is interested in the history of transatlantic slave trade.

Հիմնական ներգրավումը կա 1776 թ.-ին հոլանդական կողմից կառուցված Maison des Esclaves (Սլավոնական տներ), որպես ստրուկների համար պահեստային կետ, որը իրեն վերածվել է թանգարան, որտեղ դուք ղեկավարվում եք dungeons, որտեղ ստրուկները պահվել են եւ սովորել դրանք վաճառվել եւ առաքվել են:

Պորտո-Նովո Բենինի մայրաքաղաքը, որը 17-րդ դարում պորտուգալացիների կողմից խոշոր ստրուկ-առեւտրային պահեստ է ստեղծվել, շատ ավերված ամրոցներ ունի, որոնք դեռեւս կարող են ուսումնասիրվել, քանի որ Սիերա Լեոնեի Բանգի կղզու Սբ. պատերազմը:

Օուդը (Կուտոնու արեւմուտք) այնտեղ է, որտեղ Տոգոյում եւ Բենում գրավված ստրուկները իրենց վերջնական գիշերը կանցկացնեն նախքան իրենց տրանսատլանտյան ճամփորդությունը սկսելու համար: Կա պատմության թանգարան (Musee d'Histoire d'Ouidah), որը պատմում է ստրուկների վաճառքի պատմությունը:

The Route des Esclaves- ը 2.5 մղոն (4 կմ) ճանապարհ է, որը տեղադրված է ֆետիշների եւ արձանների հետ, որտեղ ստրուկները կվերցնեն իրենց վերջնական զբոսանքը դեպի լողափը եւ ստրկավաճառները: Այս ճանապարհի վերջին գյուղում կարեւոր հուշարձաններ են ստեղծվել, որը «վերադարձի կետն էր»:

Ալբրեդա կղզին, որը Ֆրանսիայի համար կարեւոր ծառա պաշտոն էր, այժմ էլ ստրկական թանգարան է:

Ջեյմս-կղզին ծառայում էր մի քանի շաբաթ առաջ ստրուկներ պահելու համար, երբ դրանք վաճառվել էին այլ արեւմտյան ափերի նավահանգիստներ: Դժբախտ պատահար, որտեղ պահվում են ստրուկները, դեռեւս անփոփոխ են մնում:

Նվազագույն հայտնի ստրուկների առեւտրի վայրեր, սակայն արժե այցելել Արեւմտյան Աֆրիկայում, ներառում են Նիգերիայում Գբերֆու կղզին եւ Բոդագին. Arochukwu, Նիգերիա; եւ Գվինեայի Ատլանտյան ափը:

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