2006 January 2, the tragic explosion of Sagone Mines, a state of Western Virginia, which has given twelve lives and has always been disabled, requires a rational explanation a year later. The disaster captured the interest of the American public and stimulated the encouragement of legislators and bureaucrats, while the coal mining operators covered.
Not only will the artificial mining experience become an international coalition group owned and operated by the Sagon mine, it has become a source of issues that have not been publicly disclosed for decades, and the miners have remained in danger.
And questions arise of why the federal and state security laws are ignored by state bodies and regulations, bypassing the coal industry. Nevertheless, there was a knee response to the implementation of more federal legislation through Congress halls and various state-owned homes. New mining laws have been adopted in mining industries lost to mining companies.
The immediate cause of the explosion at the Sagone mine is still to be confirmed by independent missions on the West Virginia State, the US Federal Mine Action Authority (MSHA), the United Nations Mine Workers' Association (UMWA) and individual reports. In 2006, the largest increase in carbon dioxide deaths in the United States lasted for 107 years, with industry since 1995 and more than 22 percent. The stakeholder provides them.
This writer made a tremendous report a year ago on the federal mining regulation, the lack of state governance, the deterioration of the industrial state over the last few decades, and the recent growth in industry. Factors affecting mining safety decline.
And despite this, the historical contexts of dysfunction may not give rise to confidence where the coal extraction is functional in a better place than a year after Sago. Raising an indifference, blindness, or preference is the first step to improving, but many more workers should ensure that miners and their families are less risky and prioritized.
Preliminary reports of Western Virginia miners' affairs. Health, Safety and Education (WVMHST), International Coal Group, Inc., MSHA, and independent mandate studies, such as the mine clearance technology and training committee, cite Sago Mine's life-saving factors.
However, without the substantial scientific evidence, the three strikes of the strike remain the official reason for ignoring the methane gas caused by the explosion. And so my speculations continue and without the foundation for mining and researchers. The problem is how light could cross more than two miles on the underground surface and turned over to a closed road to a place where miners were stationed and caused a temporary explosion.
Additionally, the underground mines used on the walls were manufactured with materials that were not able to resist the minimum mandate of 20 pounds per square inch (psi). However, Sago's stable explosion was 95 psi. Engineers are now testing new composers capable of managing more than 95 psi. So far, there is no reliable material for this kind of explosion, although MSHA has changed the requirement of mine seals in 2006.
It was the loss of life in Sago Mine, as well as the deaths of the next two West Virginia carbohydrates. On January 19, Sago's fire at the Haikoma mine was followed by five other victims in Kentucky on May 20, 2006, following a Darbinian No.1 catastrophe in the Harlan region. Accelerated Dynamic Mine Improvement and New Emergency Response Act. President George W. Bush On June 15, it signed into law. And the explosion in the Sago mine, the governor of West Virginia, Joe Mancchin, On January 26, new mining laws were followed, which followed a special investigation into the causes of the Sagon disaster in West Virginia.
2006 On February 7, WVMHST announced the provisions of its emergency rule provisions by the legislature. They included a 1000-meter distance where miners drilled coal, daily inspection of air and the results of the reporting to the state; Installation of 30 minutes of emergency air flow zones equivalent; wireless communication equipment that can reach the surface through text, sound, and location.
Similarly, by Kentucky in 2006, On July 12, the law came into effect as it was in effect in 2006. 16 miners suffered a total loss. The law includes changes that require minesweepers to inflict serious injury or death into state officials within 15 minutes, boxes for each miner and provide rescue scrubbing that goes through every 90 days. In Kentucky, the authorities are now violating mine operators for violations and from 2 to 3 per year raises the number of underground inspections.
At the same time, the US Congress quickly revoked its revised mine clearance rules since 1996, following the 1996 Capitol Hill hearing, the Sago Mine explosion and the Aracoma mine fire.
Federal law revisions include a two-hour air supply for one miner, as well as air box zones with an additional 2 hours of air for one miner. Previously, only an hour of air was required. Demining operators should inform the disaster about 15 minutes, while there was no time in the past. Two separate and protected communication systems are required. In the past, only one was required. Wireless communication and mining systems are required to operate from June 15, 2006 within three years.
Additionally, two experienced rescue teams should respond to mining accidents within 1 hour, over the past two hours, and have been reinforced by emergency response and evacuation programs. MSHA has also added more than two dozen federal mining inspectors and mandates to change the structure of the breakdown fees. Unfortunately, fewer federal inspectors remain in the United States since 1997.
The federal government is also given the authority to request the mines which have denied the final violations. However, the appeal process is prolonged, and the mines in that process can remain indefinitely, irrespective of the heavy neglect. Total penalties continue to be favorable for small or medium-sized industries, which in the first nine months of 2006 accounted for historical income.
"Dramatic changes in mine clearance laws only protect our miners if MSHA shows true teeth in the performance and performance of our new requirements," says Sen. Jay Rockefeller (D-WVA) at Capitol Hill during the first week of MSHA 2006 . In December, he and Sen. Robert Byrd (D-WVA), who were mainly responsible for the 2006 attack, modified federal mining law, met with the MSHA and bipartisan committee to ensure compliance with the new law and the agency if it has sufficient funds to implement the provisions of the new mining act and its security measures.
2007 There is no fresh air box as of January. However, minesweepers believe that they have satisfied the new regulation because the law requires procurement orders rather than the acquisition of aircraft as proof of compliance. The miners reported that the airports are back for another year, although the German manufacturer has 6,500 units. Self-Rescueers (Self-Rescuers) Since 1977, the same type of equipment has been used, when the first major changes in mining safety laws are applied.
However, strengthening seals, improving breathing technologies, creating refugee chambers, and establishing communication and consistent technologies have so far been only $ 10 million needed for research and engineering assessments and remain. And again, in 2007 The new stage of the Congress speeches is dedicated to the mining industry, this time Congressman George Miller (D-CA) is the new president of the Education and Labor Committee.
It is difficult to expect the federal government to finance the necessary changes in the law or wait for the mine operators to make their own unreal and reasonable promises in the presence of the police. J. Davitt McAteer is an advisor to the former MSHA (1994-2000), and now Governor of West Virginia, Manchini's expert, believes that "standard steps or prejudice while industry is waiting for technology improvements." What caused the blast and as a result, the disaster, according to McAteer, is clear.
The lack of explosive evidence seals, lack of air boxes, lack of communication devices, delaying and non-application of rescue responses were a preventive measure that could have been long ago. And Seville E. Roberts, the president of UMWA, has called on MSHA to handle electrical storms as long as the questions remain the exact cause of Sago's explosion.
Unfortunately, in 2006, On September 7, Sago Mine's operator, ICG, Inc., was again referred by WVMHST to provide mine-operated SCSR breathing apparatus. The devices had indoor heating parameters. 50 to 6 were subjected to a temperature of 130 ° F. It is extremely alarming that the violations were only public knowledge after three months of service.
And in 2007 at this young age, two miners in West Virginia lost their lives in 2007. On January 13, as a result of the collapse of the roof of Brooks Run Mining Co. WVA's ear. The Brooks Run mine was discovered by federal inspectors 65 times in 2006. Penalties for only $ 5,000.00. Though mining companies immediately informed the authorities in accordance with the new licensing law, little has changed over a year. As Cecil Roberts continues to preach, "When you bring in safety in production, such tragedies are often the result."
Copyright © 2007 Diane M. Grassi